Odakyu Hakone


Features of the Hakone Tozan Train

Learn about the special features of the Hakone Tozan Railroad

Features of the Hakone Tozan Train

  • Switchback

    The train zigzags up the steep mountain with the help of a switchback system. At Deyama Signal Station, Ohiradai Station and Kami-Ohiradai Signal Station, the driver and conductor change positions. (The picture featured is of Kami-Ohiradai Signal Station.)

  • Staff Movement Between Cars

    As the train will move backwards at the switchback, the driver and conductor must changes positions. Passengers cannot get off at Deyama Signal Station and Kami-Ohiradai Signal Station.

  • Deyama Bridge

    This railway bridge was the biggest obstacle during the construction of the Tozan Railway. As the terrain where this railway bridge is located was very difficult to work on, 43 scaffolds were required to reach the bridge from the river during construction. The mountain bridge is the most famous part of the Hakone Tozan Railway. You’ll cross it in an instant, so keep your eyes peeled.

  • Dual Gauge System

    A dual gauge railway system is one that allows for the passage of trains with different track gauges (amount of spacing between the tracks.) The Tozan train track has wide spacing (standard gauge), and the Odakyu train track has narrow spacing (narrow gauge). Both trains share one track.

  • Space for Water on the Train

    Two 350L tanks that spray water are attached to each train car, one at the front and one at the back. The trip from Hakone-Yumoto Station to Gora uses about one tank. The water is refilled at Hakone-Yumoto Station, but note that it is not suitable to drink as it is from the mountains.

  • A Place to Wash Your Money (Tonosawa Station)

    On the platform of Tonosawa Station is a basin where you can wash your money, an action that is said to bring good luck. Geisha who live in the area often come, and there is said to be a lot of benefit to washing your money. Stop by and take a look!

  • Water is sprayed between wheel and rail

    The Hakone Tozan Train is equipped with a water spraying tank, which sprays water between the wheels and rails as the train runs. This is to prevent wear of the rails and to prevent slipping hazards. With ordinary trains, oil is normally applied, but as the Tozan Train runs on steep slopes which are slippery, water is sprayed as it runs.

  • Rail Pressure Bonding Brake

    There are four different types of Brakes on the Tozan Train. There is an electric Brake that stops the wheels from spinning, an air Brake, a handheld Brake and a pressure bonding Brake that uses air pressure to press a special stone on to the rail. The pressure allows the train to cling to the rail, making it extremely safe.

  • 80 Per Mille Slope

    The 80 per mille slope refers to the fact that for every 1m driven, the slope inclines by 80mm. So when the train has gone 12.5m, the incline has increased by 1m. The Hakone Tozan Train is the only train in Japan that has the power to climb this steep incline.

  • R30 Curve

    The railway contains a curve with a 30m radius, similar to a perpendicular angle. In order to pass this extreme curve, the body of the train car is as short as possible. Bullet trains are 25m, but the Tozan Train is under 15m. The train can safely turn on this curve, and railway couplers that connect the cars are in place as well.